EDU 330 - Spring 2002
Multiple Choice: Circle the letter corresponding to the single most correct answer (@ 1 point).
[NOTE: Answers to the multiple choice questions can be found at the end of this test.]
Compared to the behavioristic orientation, the cognitive perspective
recognizes people as what type of learners?
Cliff is good at solving math problems, but has difficulty solving
problems in his computer class. His
problem-solving ability in math represents what type of knowledge?
“In on ear and out the other” best describes what component of
One major educational implications of sensory memory is that
attention is necessary if children are to remember information
children can take in and comprehend almost a limitless amount of
information seems is brought into consciousness almost immediately, followed by
is a requirement if children are to retain information
Top-down processing is distinguished by its reliance on a(n)
of elements into a meaningful pattern
scanning of the eyes
for familiar features of elements
of the context of a situation
The basic purpose of chunking as a memory strategy is to
the capacity of information in all of the sensory registers
the amount of information to be stored in the long-term memory
the capacity of short-term memory
the amount of time for processing information in long-term memory
A & D
You are given a math problem to solve.
As you try to remember the exact formula involved, what memory system is
Based on studies of context, in what location would a student be likely
to perform best on an educational psychology test?
a familiar room such as a dorm room
a small comfortable room with soft music playing
a very quiet area, such as a library
an educational psychology classroom
Which one of the following is the best example of the serial-position
Georgia can only remember the planets in their proper order
can remember the first and last planets, but not the middle ones
Robert can remember the first planets, but not the last
Sara saved time by learning a long list in a fixed order
Little Billy was accustomed to seeing Officer Sam O’Reilly walking
around the block, but then one day he met Officer Sally Murdock.
Billy gave her a suspicious look and said, “You can’t be an officer,
you’re a lady.” Billy’s
concept of a police officer was probably
based on male prototype
derived primarily from defining attributes
refined from a complex schema
verbal rather than intellectual
In teaching the concept “language,” Mr. Cartlow has included hand
signs and computer software as examples. His
choice of examples is designed to avoid
A child hopefully, but erroneously, argues that an orange soda qualifies
as a type of fruit juice. This
event illustrates the concept of
Which one of the following is LEAST characteristic of the
discovery learning approach?
allows students to proceed in their own way
encourages students to make intuitive guesses
makes use of deductive rather than inductive reasoning
provides specific-to-general learning strategies
Expository teaching is to discovery learning as
induction is to deduction
negative instances are to positive instances
relevant attributes are to irrelevant attributes
rule-eg methods are to eg-rule methods
Mr. Stanley began his lesson with “plate tectonics refer to the gradual
movement of vast segments of the earth’s crust.
Picture paper plates floating in a pool of water.
Continents float on the earth’s mantle in just the same way.”
This illustrates a (n)
A procedure that is guaranteed to accomplish a particular goal when
correctly implemented is called a(n)
Which of the following strategies is NOT useful when one is trying
to solve a problem?
Low-road transfer is exemplified by
critical thinking skills to derive an innovative solution to a problem
driving an automatic shift car and forgetting how to drive a standard
relating chess strategy to developing a military battle strategy
using two different hammers to drive nails on different projects
When one student is singled out for punishment to “set an example”
for others, school officials are expecting to use what approach to learning?
In Bandura’s social cognitive learning theory, the interaction among
personal factors, environmental events, and behaviors is called
What is the fundamental difference between information processing
and constructivist learning perspectives?
deal with accurate representations of the world; information processing
theorists deal with useful associations
assume the world is “knowable” and people can understand it; information
processing theorists do not
processing theorists are concerned with accurate representations of the world;
constructivists deal primarily with useful understandings
processing theorists assume the world is “knowable” and people can form an
understanding of it; constructivists do the same but to a lesser degree
Which one of the following ways of learning an applied skills is most
consistent with a constructivist approach?
Have the teacher “walk” the students step-by-step through the process
Provide well-constructed worksheets with which students can practice
simplified, artificial materials in order to make the task easier for students
realistic materials and a group format to provide support for individuals
A structure for teaching, developed by Jerome Bruner, that introduces the
fundamental structure of all subjects during the early school years and then
revisits the subjects in increasingly more complex forms over time is called
what type of curriculum?
Which one of the following elements does NOT define a true cooperative
In which one of the following situations would constructivist models be
developing appreciation of science in seventh-graders
teaching basic math facts to fourth-graders
teaching English to eleventh-graders
teaching eight-graders to perform experiments in science
***KEEP THIS SHEET - you may record your multiple-choice answers on it to compare with the Answer Key after the test.
Write answers to these questions in your blue-book.
KEY TERMS & NAMES.
Select 5. For each term, supply a precise definition including the context
and a clear example. For each name, supply the context and 2 other pieces
of information about that person. (@ 3 points)
Elaborative Rehearsal Hippocampus
Self-Efficacy Method of Loci
SHORT ANSWER. Select and answer 2 (@ 6 points).
1. Compare & contrast each
pair by identifying 1 major similarity and difference:
A) David Ausubel vs Albert Bandura
B) Ernest Boyer vs James Comer
C) Semantic vs Episodic Memories
2. Diagram the information-processing model of memory. Then use your diagram to explain how "David Ausubel" got into your memory. Use technical terms wherever appropriate.
3. List the steps in IDEAL and then explain how you could use each step to solve a specific real-life problem.
ANSWERS TO MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS:
1. A 2.
C 3. C
4. A 5. D
6. C 7. A
8. D 9. B 10. A 11. C 12. A 13. C 14. D
15. A 16. A 17. B 18. D 19. D 20. B 21. C
22. D 23. C 24. B 25. B