EDU 330 - Spring 2003
Multiple Choice: Circle the letter corresponding to the single most correct answer (@ 1 point).
[NOTE: Answers to the multiple choice questions can be found at the end of this test.]
1. Self-regulated learners typically have:
A. motivation C. knowledge
B. self-discipline D. all of the above
2. Research on selecting primary-grade students to read aloud suggests that the best method is to
A. ask for volunteers to read C. call on students at random
B. ensure every student gets a chance D. have students read as a group (choral response)
E. none of the above-this has not yet been researched
3. In type/s of research would a researcher be likely to serve as a participant-observer?
A. correlational C. random-assignment
B. descriptive D. experimental
E. both C & D
4. Which one of the following terms does NOT fit the category of descriptive research?
A. case studies C. experiments
B. ethnographies D. participant observation
E. neither B nor C
5. When studies are based only on observations, the results should be expressed as
A. cause-and-effect relationship C. principles
B. descriptions D. theories
E. both C & D
6. When a correlation coefficient of –0.80 is found between factor A and factor B, the most accurate interpretation is that
A. a decrease in factor A is strongly related to a decrease in factor B
B. a decrease in factor A is strongly related to an increase in factor B
C. there is NO significant relationship between the two factors
D. there is a very weak relationship between the two factors
7. A researcher finds that randomly selected students who were given computers to use at home demonstrated greater independent learning skills than a comparable group that was not selected to receive home computers. What type of research study was probably designed for this conclusion to be valid?
A. correlational C. experimental
B. descriptive D. observation
8. Which one of the following issues is usually established prior to the other three?
A. consistent findings C. scientific explanation
B. principle d. theory
9. Specialization of the two hemispheres of the brain involve
A. myelination C. equilibration
B. lateralization D. seriation
10. ____________ is the coating of neurons to improve neural transmission
A. myelination C. equilibration
B. laterlization D. seriation
11. Jeannie observed rocks sinking in water and said, "I already knew that. All rocks sink." Then she saw a piece of pumice floating on water and was told that pumice is a rock. Several days later, she was asked again if rocks sink in water. She replied, "Well, most do." In Piaget's terms, what process did Jeannie use to draw this conclusion?
A. accommodation C. laterlization
B. assimiliation D. conservation
12.Nathan is shown two balls of clay that he identifies as equal in quantity. When one of the balls is then rolled into a sausage, Nathan says that piece (i.e., sausage) now has more clay. In what stage of development is he likely to be?
A. concrete operations C. preoperational thought
B. goal-directed operations D. sensorimotor
13. Which one of the following situations illustrates what Piaget called "collective monologue?"
A. A child sits in her room and talks to herself about a mixture of topics, one after the other
B. Children sitting in a circle actively engage in sharing ideas with one another
C. students sit in the same room and talk aloud but with little attempt to involve their listeners
D. a teacher conducting a recitation exercise asks the students to call out the answer together
14. An increasingly influential view of cognitive development proposed by Vygotsky is based on
A. concrete experiences C. culture and socioculture theory
B. creation of complex schemes of thought D. mastery of scientific thinking
15. The role of "private speech" in Vygotsky's view is to
A. call attention to oneself during play
B. guide one's activities in solving a problem
C. satisfy the egocentric needs of children in preoperational stages
D. stimulate the development of language from simple words to full sentences
16. Application of Vygotsky's zone of proximal development concept would include
A. making new tasks slightly beyond the student's current level of ability
B. preventing private speech
C. requiring the student to work completely independently, regardless of success or failure
D. using highly structured materials to introduce new content to the entire class at the same time.
E. all of the above
17. In order to enrich students' language environment, teachers should focus on
A. correct versus incorrect grammar
B. having conversations with other students who are younger
C. silent reading as well as written strategies
D. the idea being expressed by the students
18. According to Erikson, if a child fails to resolve a crisis at an early stage, the child is apt to
A. encounter problems with resolutions of later crises
B. forget the crisis and progress normally
C. remain at the unresolved stage until the crisis is resolved
D. resolve the crisis at a later stage
19. Christine can't decide what she wants to pursue when she graduates from high school this year. "Life is so confusing," she thinks to herself. "Perhaps it is bet not to think about these decisions at all." Christine is experiencing identity
A. achievement C. foreclosure
B. diffusion D. moratorium
20. The most inclusive concept of collective self-esteem involves our perception of
A. our abilities in all school subjects
B. our individual qualities outside of school
C. the value of our group memberships, such as ethnic groups
D. both A & B
21. Sue is presented with a moral dilemma and responds that she would act in a certain way to please her parents. The moral reasoning stage reflected is
A. conventional C. postconventional
B. nonconventional D. preconventional
22. Recent research suggests that students who are victims of physical or verbal abuse from bullies tend to blame
A. schoolmates C. their parents
B. their abusers D. themselves
23. Compared to the situation for boys, the effect of early physical maturity on girls appears to be
A. a disadvantage
B. correlated highly with academic success
C. related highly to social popularity
D. very similar to that of boys
E. both B & C
24. Mr. Wilson suspects parental child abuse of one of his students. What should Mr. Wilson do first?
A. keep the information to himself because reporting it could be troublesome
B. notify the principal of his suspicions
C. report his suspicions to a legal authority such as the police
D. talk with the parents about the child's situation and what the teacher thinks about it
E. both C & D
25. Which one of the following assertions is true about suicide?
A. all types of people commit suicide
B. many people talk first about suicide with someone
C. suicide is often intended to be a cry for help
D. all of the above
***KEEP THIS SHEET*** You may record your multiple-choice answers on it to compare with the Answer Key after the test. You will need these questions to prepare for the Final.
Write answers to these questions in your blue-book.
KEY TERMS & NAMES. Select 5. For each term, supply a precise definition including the context and a clear example. For each name, supply the context and 2 other pieces of information. (@ 3 points)
Identity Foreclosure Deductive Logic
Authoritarian Parenting Habituation
Preconventional Level Parietal Lobe
SHORT ANSWER. Select and answer 2. (@ 6 points)
1. Compare & contrast each pair by identifying one major similarity and one major difference:
A) Jerome Kagan vs Helen Neville
B) Object Permanence vs Semiotic Function
C) Positive vs Negative Correlations
2. List in order any 4 psychosocial stages of development and analyze yourself using each stage (feel free to fictionalize details of your life).
3. For each hypothesis below, which specific research design should be used and why?
A) How does a class of gifted & talented students interact during recess?
B) What is the relationship between SES and GPA?
C) Do boys or girls have better spatial abilities?
ANSWERS TO MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS:
1. D 2.
B 3. B
4. C 5. B
6. B 7. C
8. A 9. B 10. A 11. A 12. C 13. C 14. C
15. B 16. A 17. D 18. A 19. B 20. C 21. A
22. D 23. A 24. B 25. D